The historical monastery of
Khorchag was builted by the first king of Guge Kingdom in 10th century.
History of Guge Kingdom says, "Tashi Gon had two son named
Song-Nyi and Kori. Song-Nyi was crowned to be the king of Guge Kingdom.
Kori, the second son, had a
son, Lhade. Eventually, Kori chosed to became a monk and was a disciple
of Lama Zamling Dak. His teacher lived at Kardum village, in Purang.
Kori and his son enjoyed the opportunity to study Buddhism and built
a golden Temple at Kardum and two houses called the Upper Fortress
and Lower Fortress.
For the interior contain of
the Temple, the king was offered seven loads of silvers by seven
strong saints. So, an statue of Jo-O Jampal Dorjee (Buddhisattva
Manjushiri) was made at a place known as Shegar Chang-Ling. Professional
metal smiths were gathered including a Nepalese man called Shada
Ma and a muslim smith called Bangkula.
At the completion work, the
statue was on his way to Kardum. At Korcheg village, the statues
stopped to move by any foce near a A-Mo-Le-Ka stone, and said, "I
am stuck and I should stay here".
Kori and his son, Lhade, built the most magnificent temple called
Yed Shen Lhundup with an interior gate and an exterior gate. The
Statue of Avalokitesvara was placed on the A-Mo-Le-Ka stone, which
was beautifully decorated and was known to be very precious stone.
Then, Lochen Rinchen Sangpo,
another wellknown Buddhist teacher, built a hall called Lha-Kang-Ka-Gya-Ma
(temple of hundred pillars) and started first monastic community
In 13th century, a descend of
Lhade, Tegtse Kribar had two sons called Tashi Dondup De and Nam
Gon De. Nam Gon De and his mother Za Bum Gyalmo sponsored to build
a statute of Pegpa Chenrezigi (Avalokitesvara) and a Chagna Dorjee
(Vatrapani). The two new statues were placed right on the right
side and on the left side of the , Manjushiri.
The renowned statue of Khorchag
Jo-O is one of the three statues of its kinds, in Tibet. One of
them is in the Jokang temple, in Lhasa, the capital of Tibet and
the other is used to be in Kyi-rong, in Tibet, now it is at the
palace of His Holiness the Dalai Lama, in India..
On 15th of First Tibetan month,
Khorchag monastery organize an annual festival called Khorchag Namtong.
The important occasion gathers thousands of people. The monks of
the monastery present Lama Dances and the villagers perform traditional
local dances and sing songs.