is an area in the northeast of Nepal. It is believed that over
a thousand years ago, soldiers came from central Tibet to guard
the border and resettled in the region. Still today, Tibet is
the easiest route for access to
There are over 5,000 inhabitants
in the region, following a purely Tibetan way of life. They grow
barley and their main diet is Tsampa (roasted barley flour). They
also keep domestic animals, such as yaks, horses, zos and asses.
Historically, the men of Dolpo were salt traders. They used to
travel across the great Himalayas with their yaks, horses and
zos to bring salt from Tibet.
Since the Chinese occupation
of Tibet, Dolpo has become one of the Tibeto-Nepalese regions
(just as the Tibetans in Tibet are now considered to be Tibeto-Chinese).
Nowadays, many people don't regard Dolpo as Tibetan; in reality,
the people of Dolpo are culturally, religiously and historically
no different from Tibetans in Tibet and they have preserved an
undiluted Tibetan culture right up to the present day.
In the Nepalese constitution,
the whole region of Dolpo is known as Dolpo. There are five districts
under the administration of the Karnali Zonal Ministry. These
are Dolpo, Humla, Jumla, Kalikot and Mugu. The population of Dolpo
district is 27,304 and the average altitude is 13,000ft (4,000
remote area of Dolpo is one of the few places where the people
still live according to the last remnants of traditional Tibetan
culture. The region is best known for its surrounding high mountains,
including the sacred Shel-Re-Drugda (the
Crystal Mountain), Dhaulagiri and Phoksumdo (the largest Nepalese
national park) and Phoksumdo lake. Many Tibetans make a pilgrimage
of the Crystal Mountain and read
the story of Senge Rinchen and his monks in Dolpo and see photographes
of the regional people.
There is no road for vehicles
to get to Dolpo district. Generally, people fly from Nepalgunj
or from Kathmandu (the capital of Nepal) to Juphal airstrip. Then,
they must travel on foot or ride on animals. The main forms of
transport in the region are yaks, horses, zos and asses.
We highly recommend those
of you interested in trekking in Nepal to go to the Dolpo region
and visit the sacred Dolpo Shel-Re-Drugda. Going there will surely
satisfy your trekking needs and you can learn a lot about the
regional people's culture, religion and living conditions.